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This portrait is a representation of Jonathan Edwards, the Congregationalist minister and theologian whose preaching and writing helped spark the Great Awakening.

Jonathan Edwards preached this sermon at Enfield, Connecticut, on July 8, 1741. It is probably the most famous of all American sermons.

The sermon lays out the dreadful consequences of man's sin, and Edwards sought to persuade his listeners that they might at any moment be called to judgment for their sins. Reportedly some in Edwards's audience cried out in response to his terrible imagery. At the end of the sermon, though, Edwards preached about "an extraordinary opportunity, a day wherein Christ has thrown the door of mercy wide open."

Jonathan Edwards is probably the best-known figure associated with the Great Awakening. He has often been caricatured, however, simply as the “fire-and-brimstone” preacher of “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” Indeed, some secular writers, embarrassed by this distortion, have even attempted to reverse that picture completely, portraying a brilliant New England thinker who was only incidentally religious. The truth is that Edwards was a multifaceted man—certainly brilliant and undeniably a keen logician, but also an intensely religious man of deep and reverent piety. It is Jonathan Edwards, perhaps, not philosopher Baruch Spinoza, who deserves the description “the God-intoxicated man.”
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